- The difference between rockcasting and the Alpine hill
- Types of rockeries
- How to create a rocker yourself
- Carcass care
- Rockary - video, photo
One of the beautiful methods of artistic arrangement of the land was a rockery, a stone flower bed on level ground. For followers of independent creativity on earth, getting to know each reception landscape design begins with a careful study of its characteristics. What will be required for rockaria, how to properly arrange it, so as not to turn into alpine hill?
The difference between rockcasting and the Alpine hill
The desire to return to a flat plowed land with trees and beds a piece of natural nature led to the formation of an entire school of landscape design. So, in our horticultural life there were such concepts as an alpine slide, a rabbit. bed, border and hedge. It's no wonder to get confused in all of these terms.
Often, the landscape rocker is confused with his close relative, the Alpine hill. Indeed, the basis of these two techniques is stones, but they also have distinctive differences.
- In rockery, there is no longline characteristic of the Alpine hill, although it is allowed to use stone peaks.
- For a flat composition of stones and plants, intensive illumination is not required.
- In the plot of rockaria used and large stones, and mandatory gravel padding.
- The basis of the plant composition is dwarf species of coniferous species, not used in alpine hills.
- In plant species, preference is given to the most undemanding representatives.
If in the alpine hill the presence of mountain vegetation is implied, then the plants for rockaria are subdivided by species.
Types of rockeries
Designers offer three types of rockeries, based on the flora of various regions of the Earth.
European rockeries decorate plants that grow in the middle lane.
English rockary implies the use of greenery, and the main emphasis is on the restraint of the picture. For him, take such plants as wormwood, cereals, certain types of conifers.
For Japanese rockary characterized by an abundance of stone fragments and a minimal presence of plants.
It is interesting! There is another kind of rockaria, "mobile", when a stone garden is broken in a small container in the form of a hollowed tree.
How to create a rocker yourself
Before you escape in search of boulders and gravel, to build a rockery own hands, let us turn to the rules of its arrangement. We already know that this should be a flat composition of stones and plants. What else is important to observe in order to safely call the formed landscape a rockery?
The main scheme of rockery - a few large stones, gravel podsypka and undersized perennial plants, located between the stones. The outline of the composition should be approximated to the natural pattern of the terrain. The rockery can not be square or rectangular, it is preferable to free bends of the boundaries.
Preparing the plot
Select on your site a place with an even surface, determine the size of the rockery, and with the help of pegs and rope, form the boundaries of the composition.
Important: The rockery can be broken and on the slope, the main thing is that the slope section should be level, without pronounced level transitions.
On the marked territory, remove the entire turf to a depth of about 20 cm. Place the geotextile in the resulting "trough", covering all the bare ground. Drain the drainage, level it with a layer of sand and compact it well. Such a rigid base will exclude the sagging of large stones in the soil.
The remaining height of rockaria fill with a substrate of three parts of garden soil, two parts of sand, one part of peat and small gravel.
The plot of rockary
Make a paper on the design of rockaria, placing the stones and plants where you want. Adhering to the plot, decide on the size of the stones and the kinds of plants that you would like to see in your stone garden.
AT colors Rockstone stones adhere to beige, yellow and brown hues. Against their background, fresh greenery of plants looks profitable. Avoid the prevalence of gray in your composition. If the gravel is gray, then the larger stones should be of a different color.
Pick up a few large boulders and grab the area of your rock.
Large boulders need to be dug into the soil by about half their depth. To give them stability, you can put under their corners fine gravel or sand.
With the location of rockeries on dacha, most importantly, to achieve its natural appearance. Stones should mimic the natural appearance of rock on the surface of the earth.
Orient the pattern of stones in one direction, placing them at the same angle.
When placing stones, do not forget to leave a place for planting.
In the device of rockaria the main artistic line is built of stones, the plants serve only as an effective addition. Therefore, proceed to planting plants only after you have completely formed the stony plot of your offspring.
With regard to plant species, designers are advised to use soil cover, coniferous and deciduous varieties, with a good root system and high decorative qualities.
If you want to get coniferous rockeries, then choose juniper, thuyu, spruce short stature varieties.
For the European form of rockaria suitable dwarf forms of deciduous shrubs with flowers and fruits.
As bright accents, you can use roses, azaleas, boxwood, barberry.
Advice! With the arrangement of rockery, abandon the aggressive plant species prone to rapid expansion. They actively fill the space, making their way through the gravel, and will hopelessly break the drawing of your composition.
We examined how to make a rocker, it remains only to find out how to care for him.
The main load in the care goes along the plant line. Both coniferous and deciduous must be periodically cut and pricked. To create a single background of rockaria, in the plant locations, cover the soil with black material and pour a small pebble on top.
For 3-4 years of plant growth, fertilizers can be introduced. The root system has already been formed, it remains only to control their shape and development.
Watch for the appearance of weeds, which even in such a soil will always find a loophole to germinate. Remove them and do not forget to loosen the soil under leafy plantings.
Cover the vegetation of the rockery with lapnik for the winter. Early in the spring it is necessary to protect conifers from sunburn, covering them with a light awning.
In the creation of rockaria, this video will also help you: