Fascinating and creative patchwork in the interior with its schemes, patterns and patterns - this is real art. After all, to create something from the smallest pieces of cloth - akin to the work of the artist, who creates another masterpiece. Patchwork, which is what patchwork is called in another way, is used by the wasteful landlady for a long time, after all, creating the new blanket or pillow in this handicraft technique can be their smallest and seemingly unnecessary scraps and remains of fabric.
- History of the origin of handicraft techniques
- Types and techniques
- Color matching
- Minimal set of tools
- Patchwork features
History of the origin of handicraft techniques
The time of origin of this skill is difficult to trace. It is known that references to patchwork sewn come from about the Middle Ages. Examples of such creations are in Europe, India, the Far East. At the moment they are stored in museums.
Fact! In the museum of Bulak in Cairo there is an exhibit that confirms that they were engaged in patchwork sewing as far back as the 9th century BC.
For many, Slavic women are associated with the technique of patchwork sewing, because many grandmothers and mothers have blankets, pillows and other household items made with this technique. In fact, patchwork came from countries in Africa and Asia. Europe learned about patchwork during the Crusades. He gained special popularity among the British.
The inhabitants of America felt a real boom in terms of this type of needlework in the 18th century. Europeans popularized it. This distribution is dictated by the need for clothing, and since whole canvases were expensive, it was made from small scraps of waste.
Approximately at the same time patchwork came to us, but at first it was actively used among the Old Believers. On a wider expanse came out in the 19th century and was considered an indigenous peasant occupation. In 1917 patchwork becomes an arts and crafts.
Fact! Especially popular patchwork acquired a couple of decades ago.
Types and techniques
Before the beginning the manufacture of any product in the patchwork technique It is necessary to familiarize with patterns and patterns for beginners. After all, a simple activity at first glance requires scrupulousness and attentiveness.
- Traditional. Refers to the Anglo-American style of needlework. Its main goal is to create a whole canvas from shreds. In this case, geometric patterns are created. For this patchwork schemes, patterns and pattern large, for example, blankets are needed. It is great products that look best. Often a lining is used on the wrong side.
- Crazy scraps. The name says a lot. As a material, flaps of cloth of different size and geometric shape are used. Curved bands, applications, irregular shapes. The seams are masked with the help of braid or embroidery. An indispensable attribute is the generous decoration of a product.
- Knitted. Here, the fragments are sewn together using a crochet hook. It is this patchwork technique that is embodied in bedspreads.
- Japanese style. He combined the eastern and western motifs. Here we use a stitch, as a silk fabric. In addition to practical bedspreads or clothes, this type of sewing is often used in decorative panels. At the heart of creating the composition are geometric shapes - rhombus, triangle, corner, square.
The technique of sewing pieces is only elementary at first glance - cut and stitch, but this is one of the most common misconceptions of newcomers. Create patterns from the same rags or create complete "pictures" of completely different particles is obtained through the use of different techniques, namely:
- Fast square. This technique is convenient and easy to learn for beginners. The products in this technique are exclusively square or rectangular.
Note! In this technique, you can create a blanket in a matter of hours.
- Watercolor. A popular technique, it can also use squares, which are sewn into blocks and the canvas is formed from them. The main feature is correct selection of color palette shreds.
- Strip to strip. Here, as the name implies, strips of fabric of different colors and even textures are used. Combine the strips as you like. From such stripes you can create a unique palette, and even patterns. For example, classical parquet, trees, wells.
- Cottage from logs. It implies the formation of a pattern of stripes around the central element - a square. They fit in a spiral. There are variations of this technique - the displacement of a square into a corner.
Advice! To create a clear pattern, you should collect patterns from strips of the same color in pairs.
- The magic triangle. This is the most common pattern in patchwork, in particular such patterns, patterns and patterns are used when making pillows, tack, coverlet. In addition to the magical power of this figure, in which many people believe, the triangle also differs in convenience. With its help, you can create a variety of forms, including complex stars and simple squares. Using this technique, interesting combinations can be achieved.
- Corners. This is our invention. The main difference is that the corners are not made from cut pieces, but are formed from pieces of cloth of different shapes. Formed strips are sewn into linens. As a result, a three-dimensional sheet leaves.
- Chess. Here the main element is small squares or rhombs. They are staggered from contrasting colors.
- Russian square. The central part of the cloth is assembled from squares, and around the perimeter is surrounded by isosceles triangles. Also, there is alternate sewing-squares-triangles-bands.
- Honeycomb or grandmother garden. The basis of the fabric is formed by hexagonal blanks.
In fact, you can use in patchwork absolutely any fabrics, cuttings and pieces of materials. But many craftsmen say that it is easiest to work with cotton fabric, a bright and inexpensive example is the cotton.
Important! Before you start working with chintz, it must be pinched and allowed to dry, since the material is shrunk.
An interesting process of work and the result is obtained with a drape. The fabric is soft, often warm colors. It goes well with tapestry and embroidery. Organza is also popular, especially when applied to a fabric of a different color, it creates an unexpected and original motif.
Different shades of jeans also fit well, and a blanket made of such shreds, a pillow, a tack or chair cover look great.
The most difficult, but it is possible to create products made of silk, staple and modern artificial materials. But the result is worth it.
Advice! For beginners, the best material is undoubtedly the chintz. It is easy to sew, iron, cut. A motley pattern on the fabrics will hide a certain incompetence, which will definitely be at first.
Tips for storing materials:
- Sort the materials by type - cotton, silk, woolen.
- Single-species inside the common compartment by colors.
- In a separate group it is necessary to distinguish variegated fabrics with flowers, ornaments and other prints.
- In separate containers in colors small pieces that can be used for panel and applications.
When color selection it is important to achieve harmony in the finished product. In the absence of experience, this is not so easy.
Advice! The first patchwork products, patterns, patterns and patterns that you will find here, it is worth starting from small items, for example, pothooks for the kitchen or stands under hotter.
First of all, imagine in which color range you would like to see the finished product. If you want to fit it into the existing interior, then the colors should be selected from those that already exist in it, then it will be possible to create a harmonious picture.
Selection of shades and colors also depends on the purpose of the product. For example, a blanket for a toddler should be performed in quiet pastel shades. If the child is older, then brightness and contrast are only welcome.
Patchwork patterns patterns and patterns (minimum set of tools)
Of course, it is quite possible to get by with a usual needle, cuts of fabric and threads. But in order to make needlework really bring pleasure and result, it is worth to acquire such tools:
- Sewing machine. It will not only facilitate, but will also speed up the process of creating things. Of course, you can also sew by hand, but it will be very difficult to make the required allowance of 0.6 mm.
- the cloth.
- Knife, mat and ruler. And not simple, but specifically for patchwork. They facilitate and at times accelerate the process of cutting blanks. Mats are often self-healing, the blades in the knives are replaceable. Interestingly, the knife is also atypical, it is roller and is designed specifically for use in patchwork sewing.
- Ironing board and iron. With these attributes, you can create clear lines and neat products. In fact, patchwork is 3 operations - cut, sew, smooth.
- Design wall. It is created from a white flannel. This material is the best. After all, other tissues adhere to it without problems. It is best to hang it on the wall, before putting it in a rigid frame. The size is not less than 1.5 by 2 meters. With the help of this simple adaptation it will be possible to create, as an artist on canvas.
- Pins and a needle bar.
- Scissors, threads.
Advice! For starters, do not try to create something new and unique with your own hands. Use ready-made design projects. Having received a minimum of experience and using the technique in practice, you can easily create unique products.
- Time. This, perhaps, is one of the most important "tools". Restriction in time and haste will not give you the desired result.
There are subtleties and secrets in patchwork sewing including, some nuances:
- use template. It is made of dense material. Its inner side is the size of the part, the outer side of the sewing contour is the allowances;
- Draw on the fabric better with a pencil, soap, chalk, a special flushable marker;
- guarantee of success in patchwork - accuracy and accuracy;
- When stitching along a straight line, the seam should pass strictly along the markings;
- create a composition you need from the center of the product;
- To smooth the stitched details you need a fan so they become as flat as possible.
A visual aid for patchwork: diagrams, patterns and patterns are presented in the video:
This is a patchwork technique without needles (see diagrams, patterns and patterns) that appeared in Asia. The owners of expensive and very short-lived kimonos sought to give them a second life. Clothes were steamed, cut into shreds and with their help sketches of drawings were created on the board. Moreover, the components were not stitched, but were inserted into the prepared slots in the base, they were fixed on the reverse side.
Note! The paintings were very dense and bright, despite the fact that they were textile.
Europeans quickly adopted this technique and began to use it to decorate and creating unique paintings that decorated the interior.
Materials for the implementation of this technique are needed somewhat different:
- Polyfoam is the basis. You can use wooden planks, but they are not so easy to cut.
- Stationery knife. To cut out the contours you will need a clerical knife.
- Glue PVA, they will be glued to the fabric on the reverse side.
- Decorative elements - beads, buttons, braids, cords.
There are no restrictions in creative imagination, as well as in the materials used. The difference from the traditional patchwork is that there is nothing to smooth out, so there will not be any difficulties in working with fabrics.
The technique of patchwork is an interesting and unusual way of creating cozy things for home decor and interior. With their help, you can decorate and transform any design. You can create such masterpieces with your own hands, and many materials and tools are not needed for this.