Arranging the territory in a private courtyard or at dacha - an interesting process that requires not only time and effort, but also a creative approach. Many do it themselves, because this process can bring a lot of pleasure. The organization of a garden space provides for the creation of special garden paths, which play a very important role. They should be practical, so that they are comfortable to move around, and at the same time have an aesthetic appearance, complement the overall site design.
- How to choose?
- Helpful Tips
For laying tracks you can use tile, purchased in a specialized store, or make it yourself. To this end, you need to purchase a mold for filling garden paths. Such forms differ according to different criteria.
Molds for pouring give a lot of advantages. First of all, this is saving money. If we calculate the cost of finished tiles of our own production, it will be much cheaper than the purchase of a standard femka. The cost includes only the purchase of the components of the solution. Also this will not limit the size of your path. It can be absolutely any in length and width. The laying process will also be greatly accelerated. Harvesting, as a rule, allows you to create just a large section of the masonry. To speed up this process it is possible, if to get and apply at once the whole complete set from 2, 4, 6 or more details.
With the workpiece for pouring, you will create strong, reliable parts. If you keep the necessary proportions for the solution, then the tile will last a long time and will be resistant to external factors, can withstand certain loads.
Another advantage of the form is its repeated use. If the composition you created is to your liking and you would like to reproduce it in another area of the site, then you can again use the same cliche.
How to choose?
You can buy a form for tiles in most specialized construction shops. But before you choose, pay attention to its main characteristics.
The first thing that distinguishes stencils, Is their appearance. Namely, what the path will look like. The workpiece can have a structure with or without a bottom. If the template is equipped with only bumps, the surface will be flat. If it has a bottom, it allows you to display a certain ornament on the surface. Equally important is the number of angles. The variety of ornaments and variations presented to date in the market is so great that it is simply impossible to list all. The choice depends on your personal preferences. You can buy different clichés: a four- or a hexagon, a crescent, a flower, smoothed lines, by means of which imitation of various types of natural stones etc.
It is important to pay attention to the material from which the tool is made. It can be metal or plastic. As a rule, both have high strength and last a long time. Do not forget to consider the dimensions on which the speed of work depends. At the same time, the minimum height of the rims is not less than 5 cm.
If you want to do design of your site even more interesting and original, it is worth considering the individual creation of the instrument. You can contact the manufacturer who produces the stencils, and order the model according to your own drawing. But, as a rule, this is a very expensive and troublesome process. It's much easier to make a cliche yourself.
For this you can choose different means. The most convenient and common are wood and metal. They are easy to work with, they can be processed, they are resistant to various influences. Consider how to make a template yourself.
In the first case, if you use a tree, you will need bars 50 mm high. Their length depends on your preferences. You can make a polygon, and to do this, connect the desired number of bars using screws or iron staples. For reliability, use additional pieces of metal - fasten them at the junction of the ends of the two bars, so that the stencil will be more durable. If necessary, the ends of the bars need to be filed, so that the joints are more accurate.
The second option is a soft metal, usually galvanized sheets. They are soft, so they can flex any part. To make a template, you need to cut a strip with a width of 5 cm. From it, you can bend a polygon or a pattern with smooth lines. The ends need to be folded so that one enters the other. For reliability, you can slightly press them with a hammer.
You can use any improvised tools with the appropriate parameters. For example, for this purpose, you can take old hoops from a wooden barrel, rim of the bicycle wheels, cans from the paint, from which you can cut rings of different sizes, and even plastic bottles.
How to choose and make a stencil, you already know. Now let's talk about its application. Before you start laying the path, it is worthwhile to do the preparatory work. To do this, the upper layer of the earth, together with all the vegetation, is removed from the previously marked territory. Next, the bottom layer is rammed. After that, pillow from sand. After that, a layer of fine crushed stone, which is from 5 to 7 cm, is laid down. Next, a ramming is carried out.
The next step is the preparation of the solution. To do this you will need:
- cement - it can be different. Typically, in the construction of the most appropriate marking 300, but that your masonry withstand high loads and was more resistant to external factors, it is best to purchase material grade 500;
- sand mixed with cement 1: 3;
- water - its amount depends on the moisture content of the sand. It is added gradually, in small portions into the dry ingredients mixed until uniform. It should be noted that its temperature should correspond to the environment.
Consistency of the resulting mass should resemble thick sour cream. Mix it in small portions, depending on the number of tools for styling, so it does not dry out while the drenched parts dry out.
Now you can proceed directly to making a path. A solution is poured into the fixed form of the destination. To the edges it is desirable to leave a centimeter 2 - this will make the part more accurate. The surface is leveled with a spatula or trowel. Then you need to wait 15-20 minutes. Before you remove the sides, you can decorate the top layer. Using an iron brush, you can create a rough effect or lay out a mosaic of pebbles, shells, shards of broken dishes.
Track - an indispensable component landscape design landscape. It not only allows you to navigate conveniently around the site, but also makes it possible to divide it into zones.
Pouring larger elements, you need to use reinforcement. For this purpose, a special net is laid, which can be purchased at the building store.
Remember that the style of your path should be the same as the overall the composition of the garden. The choice of style depends on arrangement of flower beds and beds, which will be separated by a track. The presence of structures and decorative elements plays an important role.
To date, it is very popular to use a fluorescent or phosphor for garden scenery. These are colorants that glow in the dark. They can be applied as a powder and poured into the top layer or when decorating as a paint and varnish material.